Filipino masculine Filipina feminine Pinoy colloquial masculine Pinay colloquial feminine. Republika ng Pilipinasis a sovereign island country in Southeast Asia situated in the western Pacific Ocean. It consists of about 7, islands  that are categorized broadly under three main geographical divisions from north to south: LuzonVisayasand Mindanao. The capital city of the Philippines is Manila and the most populous city is Quezon Cityboth part of Metro Manila. The Philippines' location on the Pacific Ring of Fire and close to the equator makes the Philippines prone to earthquakes and typhoons, but also endows it with abundant natural resources and some of the world's greatest biodiversity.
As of [update]approximately 10 million additional Filipinos lived overseas comprising one of the world's largest diasporas. Multiple ethnicities and cultures are found throughout the islands.
In prehistoric times, Negritos were some of the archipelago's earliest inhabitants. They were followed by successive waves of Austronesian peoples. Then, various competing maritime states were established under the rule of DatusRajahsSultans or Lakans. The arrival of Ferdinand Magellan in HomonhonEastern Samar in marked the beginning of Hispanic colonization. This resulted in Roman Catholicism becoming the dominant religion.
During this time, Manila became the western hub of the trans-Pacific trade connecting Asia with Acapulco in the Americas using Manila galleons. Since then, the Philippines has often had a tumultuous experience with democracy, which included the overthrow of a dictatorship by a non-violent revolution.
It is a founding member of the United NationsWorld Trade OrganizationAssociation of Southeast Asian Nationsthe Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum, and the East Asia Summit. It also hosts the headquarters of the Asian Development Bank. Eventually the name Las Islas Filipinas would be used to cover all the islands of the archipelago.
The official name of the Philippines has changed several times in the course of its history. From the period of the Spanish—American War and the Philippine—American War — until the Commonwealth period —46American colonial authorities referred to the country as the Philippine Islandsa translation of the Spanish name.
Since the end of World War IIthe official name of the country has been the Republic of the Philippines. The metatarsal of the Callao Manreliably dated by uranium-series dating to 67, years ago is the oldest human remnant found in the archipelago to date. There are several opposing theories regarding the origins of ancient Filipinos. Landa Jocano theorizes that the ancestors of the Filipinos evolved locally. The jade is said to have originated nearby in Taiwan and is also found in many other areas in insular and mainland Southeast Asia.
These artifacts are said to be evidence of long range communication between prehistoric Southeast Asian societies. Some of the societies scattered in the islands of what would later become the Philippines remained isolated but many evolved into states that developed substantial trade and contacts with the peoples of eastern, southern and southeastern Asia; including those from BruneiChinaIndiaIndonesiaMalaysia and Japan as well as other Austronesian islands. The first millennium saw the rise of the port principalities and their growth into maritime states composed of autonomous barangays independent of or allied with larger nations which were either Malay Kedatuans led by Datustributary states to China ruled by Wangs or Indianized kingdoms governed by Rajahs.
The Kedatuan of Madja-as was founded following a civil war in collapsing Srivijayawherein loyalists of the Malay datus of Srivijaya defied the invading Chola Dynasty and its puppet-Rajah, called Makatunao, and set up a guerrilla-state in the islands of the Visayas. Its founding datu, Puti, had purchased land for his new realms from the aboriginal Ati hero, Marikudo. Madja-as was founded on Panay island named after the destroyed state of Pannai allied under Srivijaya which was located in Sumatra.
Afterwards, the people of Madja-as often raided the port cities of southern China and warred with the Chinese navy. The Rajahnate of Cebu  was a neighbor of Madja-as in the Visayas led by Rajamuda Sri Lumay, a monarch with partial Tamil descent.
This state grew wealthy by making use of the inter-island shipping within the archipelago. Meanwhile, the Rajahnate of Butuan in northeastern Mindanao attained prominence under the rule of Rajah Sri Bata Shaja,  who was from a Buddhist ruling-class governing a Hindu nation.
This state became powerful due to the local goldsmith industry and it also had commercial ties and a diplomatic rivalry with the Champa civilization. Both the Rajahnates of Butuan and Cebu also maintained contact and had trade routes with Kutaia Hindu country  in south Borneo established by Indian traders.
The nation of Ma-i centered in Mindoro, was noted for its honesty and trust-worthiness in trade. In Luzon, the Kingdom of Tondo was ruled over by the Lakandula dynasty and the kingdom grew wealthy via the exclusive distribution-rights of Chinese goods which they marketed in southeast Asia.
This was granted to them by the Ming Dynasty. The s saw the arrival and eventual spread of Islam in the Philippine archipelago. InKarim ul' Makdum and Shari'ful Hashem Syed Abu Bakr, an Arab trader born in Johore, arrived in Sulu from Malacca and established the Sultanate of Sulu by converting Sulu's rajah, Rajah Baguinda Ali and marrying his daughter. The sultanate form of government extended further into Lanao.
Around this time, the people of Luzon were collectively called Lucoes and they rose to prominence by participating in trading ventures and military campaigns in MyanmarMalacca and East Timor    where they were employed as traders and mercenaries. Islam then started to spread out of Mindanao in the south and went into Luzon in the north.
Manila in Luzon was Islamized during the reign of Sultan Bolkiah in to This was accomplished because the Sultanate of Brunei subjugated the Kingdom of Tondo by defeating Rajah Gambang and thereafter installing the Muslim rajah, Rajah Sulaiman I to the throne and by establishing the Bruneian puppet-state of the Kingdom of Maynila. Nevertheless, states like the animist IgorotMalay Madja-asSinified Pangasinanand Indianized Butuan still maintained their cultures.
The rivalries between the datusrajahswangssultansand lakans eventually eased Spanish colonization. Furthermore, the islands were sparsely populated  due to consistent natural disasters  and inter-kingdom conflicts. Therefore, colonization was made easy and the small states of the archipelago quickly became incorporated into the Spanish Empire and were Hispanicized and Christianized. InPortuguese explorer Ferdinand Magellan 's expedition arrived in the Philippines, claimed the islands for Spain and was then killed at the Battle of Mactan.
After relocating to Panay island and consolidating a coalition of native Visayan allies, Hispanic soldiers and Latin-American mercenaries, the Spaniards then invaded Islamic Manilatherein they put down the Tondo Conspiracy and exiled the conspirators to Guam and Guerrero. They also defeated the Chinese-warlord Limahong. These were abandoned and the Spanish soldiers, along with the newly Christianized Papuan natives of the Moluccaswithdrew back to the Philippines in order to re-concentrate their military forces because of a threatened invasion by the Japan-born Ming -dynasty loyalist, Koxingaruler of the Kingdom of Tungning.
Meanwhile, settlers were sent to the Pacific islands of Palau and the Marianas. Spanish rule eventually contributed significantly to bringing political unity to the fragmented states of the archipelago. From tothe Philippines was governed as a territory of the Mexico-based Viceroyalty of New Spain and then was administered directly from Madrid after the Mexican War of Independence.
The Manila galleonsthe largest wooden ships ever built, were constructed in Bicol and Cavite. Trade introduced foodstuff such as maizetomatoespotatoeschili pepperschocolate and pineapples from Mexico and Peru. Within the Philippines, the Marquisate of Buglas was established and rule of it was awarded to Sebastian Elcano and his crew, the survivors of the first circumnavigation of the world, as well as his descendants.
New towns were also created  and Roman Catholic missionaries converted most of the lowland inhabitants to Christianity. During its rule, the Spanish quelled various indigenous revolts. There were also several external military challenges from Chinese and Japanese pirates, the Dutch, the English, the Portuguese and the Muslims of Southeast Asia.
Those challengers were fought-off despite the hostile forces having encircled the Philippine archipelago in a crescent formed from Japan to Indonesia. British forces occupied Manila from to in an extension of the fighting of the Seven Years' War. Spanish rule was restored following the Treaty of Paris. In the last quarter of the 19th century, Spain conquered portions of Mindanao and the Moro Muslims in the Sulu Sultanate formally recognized Spanish sovereignty.
In the 19th century, Philippine ports opened to world trade and shifts started occurring within Philippine society. Many Spaniards born in the Philippines criollos  and those of mixed ancestry mestizos became wealthy and an influx of Latin American settlers   opened up government positions traditionally held by Spaniards born in the Iberian Peninsula peninsulares. The ideals of revolution also began to spread through the islands.
Criollo dissatisfaction resulted in the Cavite Mutiny that was a precursor to the Philippine Revolution. Rizal was eventually executed on December 30,on charges of rebellion. Bonifacio and the Katipunan started the Philippine Revolution in A faction of the Katipunan, the Magdalo of Cavite province, eventually came to challenge Bonifacio's position as the leader of the revolution and Emilio Aguinaldo took over.
Inthe Spanish—American War began in Cuba and reached the Philippines. Aguinaldo declared Philippine independence from Spain in Kawit, Cavite on June 12,and the First Philippine Republic was established in the Barasoain Church in the following year. The islands were ceded by Spain to the United States as a result of the latter's victory in the Spanish—American War. The Americans then suppressed other rebellious sub-states: He designated a national language and introduced women's suffrage and land reform.
Laurel was established as a collaborator state.
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Many atrocities and war crimes were committed during the war such as the Bataan Death March and the Manila massacre that culminated during the Battle of Manila.
The Allied Forces then employed a strategy of island hopping towards the Philippine Archipelagoin the process, retaking territory conquered by Imperial Japan.
From mid through mid, the Filipino guerrilla resistance   had been supplied and encouraged by U. Navy submarines and a few parachute drops, so that the guerrillas could harass the Japanese Army and take control of the rural areas, jungles and mountains — thus, the Japanese empire only controlled 12 out of 48 provinces.
Eventually, the largest naval battle in history, according to gross tonnage sunk, the Battle of Leyte Gulfoccurred when Allied forces started the liberation of the Philippines from the Japanese Empire. By the end of the war it is estimated that over a million Filipinos had died. On October 11, the Philippines became one of the founding members of the United Nations and the following year, on July 4,it became recognized by the United States as independent, during the presidency of Manuel Roxas.
Garciainitiated the Filipino First Policy which was continued by Diosdado Macapagalwith celebration of Independence Day moved from July 4 to June 12, the date of Emilio Aguinaldo 's declaration  while furthering the claim on the eastern part of North Borneo. InMacapagal lost the presidential election to Ferdinand Marcos. Early in his presidency, Marcos initiated numerous infrastructure projects but was accused of massive corruption and embezzling billions of dollars in public funds.
On August 21,Marcos' chief rival, opposition leader Benigno Aquino, Jr. Marcos eventually called snap presidential elections in Marcos and his allies fled to Hawaii and Aquino's widow, Corazon Aquino was recognized as president.
The return of democracy and government reforms beginning in were hampered by national debt, government corruption, coup attemptsdisastersa persistent communist insurgency and a military conflict with Moro separatists.
Bases Extension Treaty  and leading to the official transfer of Clark Air Base in November and Subic Bay to the government in December Aquino was succeeded by Fidel V. Ramoswho won the Philippine presidential election held in May Benigno Aquino III won the national elections and served as the 15th President of the Philippines. He was the third youngest person to be elected president and the first to be a bachelor beginning with the Manila hostage crisis that caused deeply strained relations between Manila and Hong Kong for a time.
During the previous years, The Framework Agreement on the Bangsamoro was signed on October 15,as the first step of the creation of an autonomous political entity named Bangsamoro. The economy performed well at 7.
Davao City mayor Rodrigo Duterte of PDP—Laban won the presidential election becoming the first president from Mindanao. The Philippines has a democratic government in the form of a constitutional republic with a presidential system. There have been attempts to change the government to a federalunicameralor parliamentary government since the Ramos administration.
The President functions as both head of state and head of government and is the commander-in-chief of the armed forces. The president is elected by popular vote for a single six-year term, during which he or she appoints and presides over the cabinet. Senators are elected at large while the representatives are elected from both legislative districts and through sectoral representation.
Romulo was a former President of the United Nations General Assembly. The country is an active participant in the Human Rights Council as well as in peacekeeping missions, particularly in East Timor. In addition to membership in the United Nations, the Philippines is also a founding and active member of ASEAN Association of Southeast Asian Nationsan organization designed to strengthen relations and promote economic and cultural growth among states in the Southeast Asian region.
The Philippines values its relations with the United States. Despite this history of goodwill, controversies related to the presence of the now former U.
Although historical tensions still exist on issues such as the plight of comfort womenmuch of the animosity inspired by memories of World War II has faded.
Relations with other nations are generally positive. Shared democratic values ease relations with Western and European countries while similar economic concerns help in relations with other developing countries. Historical ties and cultural similarities also serve as a bridge in relations with Spain.
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With communism no longer the threat it once was, once hostile relations in the s between the Philippines and China have improved greatly. Issues involving Taiwan, the Spratly Islands, and concerns of expanding Chinese influence, however, still encourage a degree of caution. The Philippines is an active member of the East Asia Summit EASthe Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation APECthe Latin Unionthe Group of 24and the Non-Aligned Movement.
The Armed Forces of the Philippines AFP are responsible for national security and consist of three branches: In the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao, the largest separatist organization, the Moro National Liberation Frontis now engaging the government politically.
Other more militant groups like the Moro Islamic Liberation Frontthe communist New People's Armyand the Abu Sayyaf have previously kidnapped foreigners for ransom, particularly on the southern island of Mindanao. As of [update] Malaysia and Thailand were estimated to spend 1. The Philippines has been an ally of the United States since World War II.
A mutual defense treaty between the two countries was signed in The Philippines supported American policies during the Cold War and participated in the Korean and Vietnam wars.
It was a member of the now dissolved SEATOa group that was intended to serve a role similar to NATO and that included Australia, France, New Zealand, Pakistan, Thailand, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The Philippines is divided into three island groups: These are further divided into 18 regions81 provincescities1, municipalitiesand 42, barangays. Regions in the Philippines are administrative divisions that serve primarily to organize the provinces of the country for administrative convenience.
The Philippines is divided into 18 regions 17 administrative and 1 autonomous. Most government offices are established by region instead of individual provincial offices, usually but not always in the city designated as the regional center. The island of Borneo  is located a few hundred kilometers southwest and Taiwan is located directly to the north. The Moluccas and Sulawesi are located to the south-southwest and Palau is located to the east of the islands.
Most of the mountainous islands are covered in tropical rainforest and volcanic in origin. The highest mountain is Mount Apo. The trench is located in the Philippine Sea. The longest river is the Cagayan River in northern Luzon. Subic Baythe Davao Gulfand the Moro Gulf are other important bays. The San Juanico Strait separates the islands of Samar and Leyte but it is traversed by the San Juanico Bridge.
Situated on the western fringes of the Pacific Ring of Firethe Philippines experiences frequent seismic and volcanic activity. The Benham Plateau to the east in the Philippine Sea is an undersea region active in tectonic subduction. The last major earthquake was the Luzon earthquake.
There are many active volcanoes such as the Mayon VolcanoMount Pinatuboand Taal Volcano. A more serene legacy of the geological disturbances is the Puerto Princesa Subterranean Riverthe area represents a habitat for biodiversity conservationthe site also contains a full mountain-to-the-sea ecosystem and has some of the most important forests in Asia. Due to the volcanic nature of the islands, mineral deposits are abundant. The country is estimated to have the second-largest gold deposits after South Africa and one of the largest copper deposits in the world.
Despite this, poor management, high population density, and environmental consciousness have resulted in these mineral resources remaining largely untapped. Chocolate Hills in Bohol. El Nido in Palawan. Taal Volcanothe smallest active volcano in the world. Sierra Madre mountain range. Luzon tropical pine forests. The Philippines' rainforests and its extensive coastlines make it home to a diverse range of birds, plants, animals, and sea creatures.
Because of this, the rate of endemism for the Philippines has risen and likely will continue to rise. Although the Philippines lacks large mammalian predators, it does have some very large reptiles such as pythons and cobrastogether with gigantic saltwater crocodiles. The largest crocodile in captivity, known locally as Lolongwas captured in the southern island of Mindanao.
The national birdknown as the Philippine eagle has the longest body of any eagle. The Tubbataha Reef in the Sulu Sea was declared a World Heritage Site in Philippine waters also sustain the cultivation of pearls, crabs, and seaweeds.
With an estimated 13, plant species in the country, 3, of which are unique to the islands,  Philippine rainforests boast an array of flora, including many rare types of orchids and rafflesia. The Philippines has a tropical maritime climate that is usually hot and humid. There are three seasons: The southwest monsoon from May to October is known as the Habagat, and the dry winds of the northeast monsoon from November to Aprilthe Amihan.
The coolest month is January; the warmest is May. The average yearly temperature is around Whether in the extreme north, south, east, or west of the country, temperatures at sea level tend to be in the same range. Altitude usually has more of an impact. Sitting astride the typhoon beltmost of the islands experience annual torrential rains and thunderstorms from July to October,  with around nineteen typhoons entering the Philippine area of responsibility in a typical year and eight or nine making landfall.
A newly industrialized countrythe Philippine economy has been transitioning from one based upon agriculture to an economy with more emphasis upon services and manufacturing.
Of the country's total labor force of around The unemployment rate as of 14 December [update]stands at 6. After World War II, the Philippines was for a time regarded as the second wealthiest in East Asia, next only to Japan. The economy stagnated under the dictatorship of President Ferdinand Marcos as the regime spawned economic mismanagement and political volatility.
Only in the s with a program of economic liberalization did the economy begin to recover. The Asian Financial Crisis affected the economy, resulting in a lingering decline of the value of the peso and falls in the stock market.
The extent it was affected initially was not as severe as that of some of its Asian neighbors. This was largely due to the fiscal conservatism of the government, partly as a pivot point indicator mt4 free download of decades of monitoring and fiscal supervision from the International Monetary Fund IMF commodity forex online trading exchange rate magic, in comparison to the massive spending of its neighbors on the rapid acceleration of economic growth.
Inthe economy experienced 6. The economy is heavily reliant upon remittances from overseas Filipinoswhich surpass foreign direct investment as a source of foreign currency. Remittances peaked in at Despite constraints, service industries such as tourism and business process outsourcing have been identified as areas with some of the best opportunities for growth for the country.
Goldman Sachs includes the country in its list of the " Next Eleven " economies   but China and India have emerged as major economic competitors. The transportation infrastructure in the Philippines is relatively underdeveloped.
This is partly due to the mountainous terrain and the scattered geography of the islands, but also the result of consistently low investment in infrastructure by successive governments. Under President Benigno Aquino III 's administration, various projects were initiated in an attempt to improve the country's infrastructure and transportation systems. Inthere were about 5.
The Civil Aviation Authority of the Philippines manages airports and implementation of policies regarding safe air travel   with 85 public airports operational as of [update]. Philippine AirlinesAsia's oldest commercial airline still operating under its original name, and Cebu Pacificthe leading low-cost airline, are the major airlines serving most domestic and international destinations.
Expressways and highways are mostly located on the island of Luzon including the Pan-Philippine Highwayconnecting the islands of LuzonSamarLeyteand Mindanao  the North Luzon ExpresswaySouth Luzon Expresswayand the Subic—Clark—Tarlac Expressway.
Rail transport in the Philippines forex free deposit bonus 2014 plays a role in transporting passengers within Metro Manila.
This area is served by three rapid transit lines: LRT-1and LRT-2 and MRT Railways were also used for agricultural purposes, especially in tobacco and sugar cane production. Rail freight transportation was almost non-existent as of [update]. A few transportation systems are under development: DOST -MIRDC and UP are implementing pre-feasibility studies on Automated Guideway Transit. As an archipelago, inter-island travel using watercraft is often necessary. The Philippines has pursued efforts to improve the field of science and technology.
The Department of Science and Technology is the governing agency responsible for the development of coordination of science- and technology-related projects in the Philippines. Notable Filipino scientists include Maria Orosaa food technologist famous for her formulated food products like calamansi nip, soyalac and the banana ketchup.
Fe del Mundoa pediatrician whose pioneering work in pediatrics as an active medical practice spanned 8 decades,  Paulo Camposa physician who was dubbed as " The Father of Nuclear Medicine in the Philippines " for his contributions in the field of nuclear medicine Ramon Barbaan inventor and horticulturist known for his method to induce more flowers in mango trees.
The Philippines has a sophisticated cellular phone industry and a high concentration of users. Text messaging is a popular form of communication and, inthe nation sent an average of one billion SMS messages per day.
Over five million mobile phone users also use their phones as virtual wallets, making it a leader among developing nations in providing financial transactions over cellular networks.
It is also the largest company in the country. The National Telecommunications Commission is the agency responsible for the supervision, adjudication and control over all telecommunications services throughout the country.
The travel and tourism sector is a major contributor to the economycontributing 7. South Korea, China, and Japan accounted for The country's rich biodiversity is one of the main tourist attractions with its beaches, mountains, rainforests, islands and diving spots among the most popular tourist destinations.
As an archipelago consisting of about 7, islands, the Philippines has numerous beaches, caves and other rock formations. Many Americans, Europeans and Australians retire in the Philippines due to its fundamentals in stock market beaches and low cost of living.
The challenges include limited access to sanitation services, high pollution of water resources, often poor drinking water quality and poor service quality, a fragmentation of executive functions at the national level among numerous agencies, and a fragmentation of service provision at the local level into many small service providers.
It is estimated that half of the population resides on vega of a go options binary option island of Luzon.
Since the liberalization of United States immigration laws inthe number of people in the United States having Filipino ancestry has grown substantially. According to the official count the population of the Philippines hit million at the time of midnight on July 27,making it the 12th country to reach this number. Metro Manila is the most populous of the 3 defined metropolitan areas in the Philippines and the 11th most populous in the world.
According to the census, How much money does a nypd detective make generally belong to several Asian ethnic groups classified linguistically as part of the Austronesian or Malayo-Polynesian speaking people. Being at the crossroads of the West and East, the Philippines is also home to migrants from places as diverse as China, Spain, Mexico, United States, India, South Korea, and Japan.
Two important non-indigenous minorities are the Chinese and the Spaniards. The Chinesemostly descendants of immigrants from FujianChina afternumber 2 million, although there are an estimated 27 percent of Filipinos who have partial Chinese ancestry,   stemming from precolonial and colonial Chinese migrants.
At least one-third of the population of Luzon Other important non-indigenous minorities include IndiansAnglo-AmericansBritonsand Japanese people. Descendants of mixed couples are known as mestizos. Ethnologue lists individual languages in the Philippines, of which are living languages, while 4 no longer have any known speakers.
Most native languages are part of the Philippine branch of benelli supernova tactical folding stock Malayo-Polynesian languagesoption trading earnings announcements is itself a branch of the Austronesian language family.
Filipino and English are the official languages of the country. Both Filipino and English are used in government, education, print, broadcast media, and business.
However, most people outside cities do not speak much English. The Philippine constitution provides for the promotion of Spanish and Arabic on a voluntary and optional basis, although neither are used on as wide a scale as in the past. Nineteen regional languages act as auxiliary official languages used as mediums of instruction: AklanonBikolCebuanoChavacanoHiligaynonIbanagIlocanoIvatanKapampanganKinaray-aMaguindanaoMaranaoPangasinanSambalSurigaononTagalog, TausugWarayand Yakan.
Languages not indigenous to the islands are also taught in select schools. Mandarin is used in Chinese forex podstawy pdf chomikuj catering to the Chinese Filipino community. Islamic schools in Mindanao teach Modern Standard Arabic in their curriculum. The Philippines is an officially secular statealthough Christianity is the dominant faith.
The Philippine Independent Church is a notable independent Catholic denomination. Islam is the second largest religion. The Muslim population of the Philippines was reported as 5. There are an increasing number of private health providers and, as of [update] Intotal expenditures on the health sector was 3. Per capita total expenditure at average exchange rate was USD There are an estimated 90, physicians or 1 per every people,nurses, 43, dentists, and 1 hospital bed per every people.
The Philippines is the biggest supplier of nurses for export. According to official estimates, 1, cases of human immunodeficiency virus HIV were reported inof which had developed acquired immune deficiency syndrome AIDS. The Philippines has a simple literacy rate of The Philippines has a functional literacy rate of The Commission on Higher Education CHED lists 2, higher education institutions, of which are public and 1, private. The majority of colleges and universities follow a semester calendar from June to October and November to March.
There are a number of foreign schools with study programs. Several government agencies are involved with education. The Department of Education covers elementary, secondary, and nonformal education. The Technical Education and Skills Development Authority TESDA administers the post-secondary middle-level education training and development.
The Commission on Higher Education CHED supervises the college and graduate academic programs and degrees as well as regulate standards in higher education. Inmadaris were mainstreamed in 16 regions nationwide, mainly in Muslim areas in Mindanao under the auspices and program of the Department of Education. Philippine culture is a combination trading hours on anzac day Eastern and Western cultures.
The Philippines exhibits aspects found in other Asian countries with a Malay  heritage, yet its culture also displays a significant number of Spanish and American influences. Traditional festivities known as barrio fiestas district festivals to commemorate the feast days of patron saints are common.
These community celebrations are times for feasting, music, and dancing and the Moriones and Sinulog festivals are a couple of the most well-known. Some traditions, however, are changing or gradually being forgotten due to modernization. The Bayanihan Philippine National Folk Dance Company has been lauded for preserving many of the various traditional folk dances found throughout the Philippines.
They are famed for their iconic performances of Philippine dances such as the tinikling and singkil that both feature clashing bamboo poles.
One of the most visible Hispanic legacies is the prevalence ubs etfs plc - msci emerging markets trn index sf Spanish names and surnames among Filipinos; a Spanish name and surname, however, does not necessarily denote Spanish ancestry.
Spanish architecture has left an imprint in the Philippines in the way many towns were designed around a central square or plaza mayorbut many of the buildings bearing its influence were demolished during World War II.
Four Philippine baroque usd inr exchange rate trend are included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites: Vigan in Ilocos Sur is also known for the many Hispanic-style houses and buildings preserved there.
Commercial buildings, houses and churches in that era are abundant in the city and especially in Calle Real. However, certain areas of the country like Batanes have slight differences as both Spanish and Filipino ways of life assimilated differently due to the climate there and limestone and coral were used as building materials.
The common use of the English language is an example of the American impact on Philippine society. It has contributed to the ready acceptance and influence of American pop cultural trends. This affinity is seen in Filipinos' love of fast food and American film and music. Fast food outlets are found on many street corners. American global fast food chain stalwarts have entered the market, but local fast food chains like Goldilocks and most notably Jollibeethe leading fast should i buy boi shares chain in the country, have emerged and compete successfully against their foreign rivals.
Philippine music has evolved rapidly due to the different influences stemming from colonialism under other countries. Before the Spanish conquest of the islands, most music was reminiscent of, factors affecting the premium of the call or put option heavily influenced by, nature.
Some examples of philippine stock exchange trading game tribal music is Koyu No Tebulul of the T'boli and Ambo Hato of the Ifugao. This genre is often accompanied by gong music and one well known instrument is the Kulintang.
During the Spanish era Rondalya music, where traditional string orchestra mandolin type instruments were used, was widespread. In the Philippines, Rondalya refers to any group of stringed instruments that are played using a plectrum or pick. Filipino instruments are made from indigenous Philippine wood; plectrums, or picks, are made from tortoise-shell. Harana and Kundiman are prevalent during this time wherein these songs are often used in courtship rituals.
Marcelo Adonay organistSimplicio Solis organistDiego C. Nowadays, American pop culture has a heavy hold on the Filipinos that evolved from the Spanish times when the American occupation happened. Along with Korean pop, these two are dominating the recent music scene in media.
Pottery and weaving are among the very first art forms showcasing Filipino artistic design and are evident from cave dwellings all over the country. Among these are mostly anthropomorphic earthenware jars dating from c.
Weaving was mostly done by women, using fibers from abaca, pineapple, cotton, and bark to make clothes, rugs and hats. Baskets were mostly utilized to carry grain and other foods. Early Philippine sculpture is characterized by frontal nudity. One of the earliest forms are the bulols by the Ifugao people which serve as an assurance for bountiful harvests.
The original function of these sculptures are related to the ceremonies and beliefs of the tribes who what is automated trading in forex them. Arab and Russian missionaries also brought beveled type of carvings in the form of Okkil.
The beginnings of this sculpture type started with the Islamization of Sulu. The Spanish exchange rate indian rupee uae dirham of the country did not hinder Filipinos creating sculptures for objects of adoration.
During this time, sculptures of deities and saints were used to teach Filipinos Christian doctrines. During the American colonialism, worshippers of faith were not discouraged to sculpt in order to adorn churches.
Filipinos' first exposure to painting happened when Spain conquered the Philippines and these were used as religious propaganda often displayed in churches. However, as education progressed and wealth increased, more and more artists started to shift from the traditional religious motifs to a more secular pattern of imagery. In the modern period, the integration of architecture in the Art Deco style happened.
Many of these examples can be seen in statues all over the country especially in public parks and spaces. As a general description, the distinct value system of Filipinos is rooted primarily in personal alliance systems, especially those based in kinship, obligation, friendship, religion particularly Christianityand commercial relationships.
Filipino values are, for the most part, centered around maintaining social harmony, motivated primarily by the desire to be accepted within a group. Caring about what others will think, say or do, are strong influences on social behavior among Filipinos. Other elements of the Filipino value system are optimism about the future, pessimism about present situations and events, concern and care for other people, the existence of friendship and friendliness, the habit of being hospitable, religious nature, respectfulness to self and others, respect for the female members of society, the fear of God, and abhorrence of acts of cheating and thievery.
Internationally, the Philippines has been well documented for its successes in beauty pageants. While in most of the world the popularity of formal female beauty contests has diminished, they remain both popular and widespread in the Philippines.
The country's recent surge in the Miss Universe pageant alone in the s marked the revived interest of not only the Philippines but also throughout the rest of Asia up against their rivals in Latin America in international beauty pageantry. Binibining Pilipinas is a closely followed event throughout the country along with other major national pageants such as Miss Philippines Earth and Miss World Philippines.
The Philippines have garnered one Miss Worldthree Miss Universe, six Miss International and three Miss Earth crowns, cash burn cash earnings it the world's third country after Brazil and Venezuelaas well as Asia's first country to win all four major international beauty pageant titles.
Just like currency forex and trading in india evolution of Philippine music, dance as well has been in constant change. Prior to colonial rule, the Philippines has a wide array of ethnic dances from different tribal groups.
This is due mainly to the fact that Philippines is an island thus the different varieties of dance developed. Both Luzon and Visayas, at first, were more akin to tribal movements until the Spanish came.
Mindanao represents more of an array of Muslim inspired dances and Spanish influence was minimal in the region of Zamboanga.
Universal dances in the Philippines are found at societal functions such as rituals, mimicry, life cycle and parties. During the Spanish era, most dances are accompanied by Rondalya music usually with string bandurrias that the Filipinos invented or by other type of stringed instruments that locally evolved in to the culture as well.
One famous dance that is well known is called the Tiniklingwhere a band of Rondalya musicians play along with the percussive beat of the two bamboo poles. It usually starts with men and women acting a scene about "How rural townsfolk mingle". The dancers then graze thru the clashing of the bamboo poles held on opposite sides.
The end displays the paired bamboo poles crossing each other. The Muslim version of this where bamboo poles are also used is called the Singkil. Philippine cuisine has evolved over several centuries from its Malayo-Polynesian origins to become a mixed cuisine with many HispanicChineseAmericanand other Asian influences that have been adapted to local ingredients and the Filipino palate to create distinctively Filipino dishes.
Dishes range from the very simple, like a meal of fried salted fish 3d analyzer settings for call of duty mw2 rice, to the elaborate, such as the paellas and cocidos created for fiestas. Some common local ingredients used in cooking are calamondinscoconuts, saba a kind of short wide plantainmangoesubemilkfishand fish sauce. Filipino taste buds tend to favor robust flavors, but the cuisine is not as spicy as those of its neighbors.
Unlike many of their Asian counterparts, Filipinos do not eat with chopsticks; they use Western cutlery. However, possibly due to rice being the primary staple food and the popularity of a large number of stews and main dishes with broth in Philippine cuisine, the main pairing of utensils seen at the Filipino dining table is that of spoon and fork, not knife and fork. The traditional way of eating with the hands known as kamayan using the washed right hand for bringing food to the mouth  was previously more often seen in the less urbanized areas.
Philippine mythology has been handed down primarily through the traditional oral folk literature of the Filipino people. While each unique ethnic group has its own stories and myths to tell, Hindu and Spanish influences can nonetheless be detected in many cases. Some popular figures from Philippine mythologies are Maria MakilingLam-Angand the Sarimanok.
Philippine literature comprises works usually written in Filipino, Spanish, or English. He is considered a national hero. GonzalezAmado V. Philippine media uses mainly Filipino and English. Other Philippine languages, including various Visayan languages are also used, especially in radio due to its ability to reach remote rural locations that might otherwise not be serviced by other kinds of media. The dominant television networks ABS-CBNGMA and TV5 also have extensive radio presence.
The entertainment industry is vibrant and feeds broadsheets and tabloids with an unending supply of details about celebrities and sensationalist daily scandals. Drama and fantasy shows are anticipated as are Latin telenovelasAsianovelasand anime. Daytime television is dominated by game shows, variety shows, and talk shows such as Eat Bulaga and It's Showtime. Critically acclaimed directors and actors include Lino Brocka and Nora Aunor for films like Maynila: Sa mga Kuko ng Liwanag Manila: In the Claws of Light and Himala Miracle.
Various sports and pastimes are popular in the Philippines including basketballboxingcockfightingvolleyballfootball soccerAmerican footballboth codes of Rugby footballremington 700 adl long action tactical stockskaratetaekwondobilliardsten-pin bowlingchessand sipa. Motocrosscyclingand mountaineering are also becoming popular.
Basketball is played at both amateur and professional levels and is considered to be the most popular sport in the Philippines. The Philippines has participated in the Summer Olympic Games since and was the first country in Southeast Asia to compete and win a medal. Traditional Philippine games such as luksung bakapatinteropikoand tumbang preso are still played primarily as children's games among the youth.
Card games are popular during festivities, with some, including pusoy and tong-itsbeing used as a form of illegal gambling. Mahjong is played in some Philippine communities. Sabong or cockfighting is another popular entertainment especially among Filipino men, and existed prior to the arrival of the Spanish. Antonio PigafettaMagellan's chronicler, first documented this pastime in the kingdom of Taytay.
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Name of the Philippines. History of the Philippines. Prehistory of the Philippines. History of the Philippines —Religion in pre-colonial Philippinesand Cultural achievements of pre-colonial Philippines. Images from the Boxer Codex illustrating the ancient kadatuan or tumao ' noble class.
History of the Philippines — and History of the Philippines — History of the Philippines —65 and History of the Philippines — History of the Philippines —present. Politics of the PhilippinesPresident of the Philippinesand Constitution of the Philippines.
Foreign relations of the Philippines. Armed Forces of the Philippines. The BRP Gregorio del Pilar FFa Del Pilar -class frigate of the Philippine Navy. An AgustaWestland AW of the Philippine Navy. Administrative divisions of the Philippines.
Abra Agusan del Norte Agusan del Sur Aklan Albay Antique Apayao Aurora Basilan Bataan Batanes Batangas Benguet Biliran Bohol Bukidnon Bulacan Cagayan Camarines Norte Camarines Sur Camiguin Capiz Catanduanes Cavite Cebu Compostela Valley Cotabato Davao del Norte Davao del Sur Davao Occidental Davao Oriental Dinagat Islands Eastern Samar Guimaras Ifugao Ilocos Norte Ilocos Sur Iloilo Isabela Kalinga La Union Laguna Lanao del Norte Lanao del Sur Leyte Maguindanao Marinduque Masbate Misamis Occidental Misamis Oriental Mountain Province Negros Occidental Negros Oriental Northern Samar Nueva Ecija Nueva Vizcaya Occidental Mindoro Oriental Mindoro Palawan Pampanga Pangasinan Quezon Quirino Rizal Romblon Samar Sarangani Siquijor Sorsogon South Cotabato Southern Leyte Sultan Kudarat Sulu Surigao del Norte Surigao del Sur Tarlac Tawi-Tawi Zambales Zamboanga del Norte Zamboanga del Sur Zamboanga Sibugay.
Regions of the Philippines. Geography of the Philippines. Wildlife of the Philippines. List of threatened species of the Philippines. Climate of the Philippines. Economy of the Philippines. Transportation in the Philippines. Science and technology in the Philippines. Telecommunications in the PhilippinesInternet in the Philippinesand Social networking in the Philippines.
Tourism in the Philippines. Water supply and sanitation in the Philippines. Demographics of the PhilippinesFilipinosand Overseas Filipinos. Cities of the Philippines. Largest cities in the Philippines PSA Census August Ethnic groups of the Philippines. Languages of the Philippines. Religion in the Philippines. A detail of Carlos V. Francisco's First Mass in the Philippines painting. Health in the Philippines. Education in the Philippines. Festivals of the Philippines and Culture of the Philippines.
Spanish colonial architecture in Vigan. Calle Real in Iloilo City is home to art deco and beaux-arts buildings from the American colonial era.
Barasoain Church in MalolosBulacanwhere the First Philippine Republic was founded. Idjangs are fortresses constructed prior to the Spanish regime.
Houses made of limestone and coral can also found in Batanes. Taluksangay Mosque is the oldest mosque in Zamboanga, built around It is one of the many mosques that reflects the muslim community in the country. Music of the Philippines and Original Pilipino Music. Art of the Philippines. Philippine literaturePhilippine mythologyand Deities of Philippine mythology.
Cinema of the PhilippinesTelevision in the PhilippinesRadio in the Philippinesand Philippine drama. Sports in the Philippines. Philippines portal Asia portal. Republika it Pilipinas Bikol: Republika kan Filipinas Cebuano: Republika sa Pilipinas Chavacano: Republika sang Filipinas Ibanag: Republika nat Filipinas Ilocano: Republika ti Filipinas Ivatan: Republika nu Filipinas Kapampangan: Republika ning Filipinas Kinaray-a: Republika kang Pilipinas Maranao: Republika san Pilipinas Pangansinan: Republika na Filipinas Sambal: Republika nin Pilipinas Surigaonon: Republika nan Pilipinas Waray: Republika han Pilipinas In the recognized optional languages of the Philippines: Republic of the Philippines.
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If these men were that number, and Spaniards, it would not be so bad; but, although I have not seen them, because they have not yet arrived here, I am told that they are, as at other times, for the most part boys, mestizos, and mulattoes, with some Indians Native Americans.
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