A market trend is a perceived tendency of financial markets to move in a particular direction over time. A trend can only be determined in hindsight, since at any time prices in the future are not known.
The terms "bull market" and "bear market" describe upward and downward market trends, respectively,  and can be used to describe either the market as a whole or specific sectors and securities.
A secular market trend is a long-term trend that lasts 5 to 25 years and consists of a series of primary trends. A secular bear market consists of smaller bull markets and larger bear markets; a secular bull market consists of larger bull markets and smaller bear markets. In a secular bull market the prevailing trend is "bullish" or upward-moving. The United States stock market was described as being in a secular bull market from about to orwith brief upsets including the crash of and the market collapse of triggered by the dot-com bubble.
In a secular bear market, the prevailing trend is "bearish" or downward-moving. An example of a secular bear market occurred in gold between January to Juneculminating with the Brown Bottom. A primary trend has broad support throughout the entire market most sectors and lasts for a year or more.
A bull market is a period of generally rising prices.
The start of a bull market is marked by widespread pessimism. This point is when the "crowd" is the most "bearish".
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An analysis of Morningstar, Inc. A bear market is a general decline in the stock market over a period of time.
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A market top or market high is usually not a dramatic event. The market has simply reached the highest point that it will, for some time usually a few years. It is retroactively defined as market participants are not aware of it as it happens.
A decline then follows, usually gradually at first and later with more rapidity. O'Neil and company report that since the s a market top is characterized by three to five distribution days in a major market index occurring within a relatively short period of time.
Distribution is a decline in price with higher volume than the preceding session. A recent peak for the broad U. A market bottom is a trend reversal, the end of a market downturn, and the beginning of an upward moving trend bull market. It is very difficult to identify a bottom referred to by investors as "bottom picking" while it is occurring. The upturn following a decline is often short-lived and prices might resume their decline.
This would bring a loss for the investor who purchased stock s during a misperceived or "false" market bottom. Baron Rothschild is said to have advised that the best time to buy is when there is "blood in the streets", i.
Secondary trends are short-term changes in price direction within a primary trend. The duration is a few weeks or a few months. One type of secondary market trend is called a market correction.
A correction is a downward movement that is not large enough to be a bear market ex post. The Japanese Nikkei has been typified by a number uae exchange fx rates bear market rallies since the late s while experiencing an overall long-term downward trend.
The Australian market in the beginning of has been described as a " meerkat market", being timid with low consumer and business sentiment. The price of assets such as stocks is set by supply and demand.
By definition, the market balances buyers and sellers, so it's impossible to literally have 'more buyers than sellers' or vice versa, although that is a common expression. For a surge in demand, the buyers will increase the price they are willing to pay, while the sellers will increase the price they wish to receive. For a surge in supply, the opposite happens. Supply and demand are created when investors shift allocation of investment between asset types. For example, at one time, investors may move money from government bonds to "tech" stocks; at another time, they may move money from "tech" stocks to government bonds.
In each case, this will affect the price of both types of assets. Generally, investors try to follow a buy-low, sell-high strategy but often mistakenly end up buying high and selling low. A time when most investors are selling stocks is known as distribution, while a time when most investors are what does stock market rally mean stocks india option trading strategies known as accumulation.
According to standard theory, a decrease in price will result in less supply and more demand, while an increase in price will do the opposite. This works well for most assets but it often works in reverse for stocks due to the mistake many investors make of buying high in a state of euphoria and selling low in a state of fear or panic as a result of the herding instinct.
In case an increase in price causes an increase in scholastic stock market game, or a decrease in price causes an increase in supply, this destroys the expected negative feedback loop and prices will be unstable. Investor sentiment is a contrarian stock market indicator.
When a high proportion of investors express a bearish negative sentiment, some analysts consider it to be a strong signal that a market how to open a forex account in india may be near.
The predictive capability of such a signal see also market fx swap time option is thought to be highest when investor sentiment reaches extreme values.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For more details on this topic, see Bull stock market speculator. Market Black Monday Bull-bear line Business cycle Don't fight the tape Trend following Recession Economic expansion Market sentiment Animal spirits Herd mentality Real estate trends.
The Stock Market Course.
Market trend - Wikipedia
John Wiley and Sons How much money does a rn first assistant make. Technical Analysis of Stock Trends. Can a Law Describe Bubbles and Crashes in Financial Markets? Bear and Bull Markets Since ", chart by First Trust Portfolios L. Edwards and John Magee p. Retrieved 4 January Financial What does stock market rally mean and Investment Decisions: A Manifesto for Change.
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